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International Project on GMO Environmental Risk Assessment Methodologies

The GMO ERA Project is a pioneering initiative driven by public sector scientists, most of whom have strong expertise in environmental science, as well as biotechnology and socioeconomics. The project has identified and developed scientific methodologies and teaching tools that can be used for environmental risk assessment (ERA) and management of transgenic plants, in accordance with the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and other international agreements.

The third project book has been published by CABI:

Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Volume 4: Challenges and Opportunities for Bt Cotton in Vietnam

Find out how to order here


Read the final report on the first two phases of the Project: (2002-2007)

GMO ERA Project
Final Report for Phases I and II

Download the report here


The PFOA Handbook is available for download:

Problem Formulation and Options Assessment Handbook:
A guide to the PFOA process and how to integrate it into environmental risk assessment (ERA) of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)



The project is associated with the IOBC Global Working Group on
Transgenic Organisms in IPM and Biocontrol.

Funding was provided by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC).


The Kenya and Brazil books are now available online through the BCH
Click here to learn more

learn about the project books

read the final report for phases I and II

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